MODERN   SCULPTURE  COLLECTION

                       LEON  UNDERWOOD  
                               [1890-1975]

                                         SCULPTURE

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                     Mountain God
       [aka 'Dawn' and 'Creation']
                               1923
                          alabaster  
                             unique
                        70 cm high
           Provenance: The artist;
            Private collection, UK;
      Sothebys, March 1959, lot 95;
           Wilfrid Evill collection;
                     Sothebys, 2011
  Exhibited: 'The Home of Wilfrid       Evill', Contemporary Art Society,               April-May 1961, no. 22
    [Evill had a great collection of Modern British art and Underwood          was his favourite sculptor]
         This is Underwood's first 
                      major carving.



                       detail below

 

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                      June of Youth
                               1934
    chased bronze with silver inlay
   1st cast and unique in this form
                        edition of 7
     [most without silver inlay and                    some without chin]
                      60.5 cm high
         [excluding the wood base]
            Provenance: The artist;
             Private collection, UK;
             Lyon & Turnbull, 2021
     Literature: 'Leon Underwood'
    C Neve, T&H, 1974, pl. 109 [this                       cast illustrated];
   'Leon Underwood', B Whitworth
    Lund Humphries, 2000, no. 66
        The Tate Gallery collection      includes a similar cast with silver          inlay which is the first Leon                  Underwood they acquired. 
     The silver inlay shows flames                        covering the body.

 


               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                       Book of Thel
                      [Clod of Clay]
                               1933
                            bronze
                            unique
                  signed and dated
                        44 cm high
  Provenance: The artist's family;
             Roy Davids collection;
  Bonhams, 4 March 2015, lot 189;
                   Bonhams, 2021
 Exhibited: Leicester Galleries, 
                       1934, no. 8;
  Minories, Colchester, one-man
exhibtion, Aug-Sept. 1969, no. 10;
       National Museum of Wales, 'Mexico', Aug-Sept, 1979, no. 12;
  Literature: 'Leon Underwood' 
C. Neve, T&H, 1974, p. 143 [illust.]
'The Sculpture of Leon Underwood
 B Whitworth, 2000, p. 57 [illust.]
     This was originally carved in            stone, but the stone split in half              just before completion, 
    so Underwood cast it in bronze

   
               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                              Head
              [Kathleen Woodward]
                               1933
                             bronze
                             unique
                             signed
                        33 cm high
            Provenance: The artist;
             Private collection, UK;
Christies, 28 February 2007, lot 52
    Literature: 'Leon Underwood' 
                    B Whitworth 74

           
               LEON  UNDERWOOD

           Busker - the Clever One
                              1938
                            bronze 
                               4/6
                            signed
                        39 cm high
             [excluding wood base]
             Provenance: The artist;
             Private collection, UK;
   Sothebys, 3 March 1999, lot 147
  Literature: 'Leon Underwood'
 C Neve, T&H, 1974, p. 200, pl. 158

            

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                           Ole Nick                          
                         [Serpent]
                               1931
                      painted stone
                             unique
                        49 cm high
             [excluding wood base]
             Provenance: The artist;
                    Artist's family;
            Redfern Gallery, c. 1999
      Literature: 'Leon Underwood'
    B Whitworth, 2000, LH, no. 44

             

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                            Prophet
                                1931
                             bronze
                                4/7
                             signed
                      40.5 cm high  
             [excluding wood base]
             Provenance: The artist;
              Private collection, US;
         Sothebys, New York, 2013
     Literature: 'Leon Underwood'
    B Whitworth, 2000, LH, no. 49

           

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                    Lark Ascending
                               1931
                            bronze
                                4/7
                            signed
                       45 cm high
 Provenance: Redfern Gallery, 2012

              LEON  UNDERWOOD

                   Pursuit of Ideas
                              1959
                            bronze
                       edition of 6
                     [cast in 1959]
                            signed
                        48 cm long
    [this is the larger of the 2 maqs.        the smaller was cast 1970-6] 
            Provenance: The artist;
             Private collection, UK
      Christies, 28 Feb. 2007, lot 39
      Literature: 'Leon Underwood'
       B Whitworth, p. 139, no. 181

              LEON  UNDERWOOD

                      Joy as it Flies
             [2nd state with child]
                              1956
                            bronze
                                1/7
                            signed
                      42.5 cm high
            Provenance: The artist;
             Private collection, UK
              Reeman Dansie, 2022
      Literature: 'Leon Underwood'
    B Whitworth, 2000, LH, no. 170

                 PAINTINGS - DRAWINGS - PRINTS

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                      The Cast-Net
                                1946
                        watercolour
                              signed
                         33 x 25 cm
      Literature: 'Leon Underwood'
  C Neve, T&H, 1974, p. 187, pl. 144    

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                         The Island
                                1931
                   wood-engraving
                   signed and dated
                          25 x 21 cm
            Provenance: Roseberys 
             13 March 2001, lot 661
      Exhibited: 'Leon Underwood'
   Minories, Colchester, one-man 
                       1969, no. 205

          

               LEON  UNDERWOOD

                      The Cathedral
                                1930
                  wood-engraving
                             signed
                        24 x 20 cm

Leon Underwood has been called 'The father of modern British sculpture' - he taught Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth.
He was born in London and studied at the Royal College of Art and the Slade - starting as a painter and print maker before progressing to sculpture - a carver and modeller.
One-man exhibitions include the Chenil, St Georges, Leicester, Redfern and Thomas Agnew galleries.
Major one-man museum retrospective exhibitions include the Minories and Pallant House galleries.
Public collections include the Tate Gallery.
There are 2 books on his work including a catalogue raisonne of his sculpture by Ben Whitworth, Lund Humphries, 2000.
One of the most underrated artists.

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